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Citation Styles Overview: APA Style

APA 6th Edition Citation Basics

Book:

Author, F.I. (Year of Publication). Title italicized and lowercase after the first

word except for proper nouns and adjectives and subheadings. Place of

publication: Publisher.

Academic Article:

Author, F.I. (Year of Publication). Title: Lowercase after the first word except for

proper nouns and adjectives and subheadings. Journal Name Capitalized and

Italicized, Volume number italicized(issue number), first page-last page.

Newspaper Article:

Author, F.I. (Year of Publication, Month and date of publication). Title: Lowercase

after the first word except for proper nouns and adjectives and subheadings.

Newspaper Name Capitalized and Italicized, pp. section number (if

available)first page.

Magazine Article:

Author, F.I. (Year of Publication, Month and date of publication or season of

publication). Title: Lowercase after the first word except for proper nouns and

adjectives and subheadings. Magazine Name Capitalized and Italicized,

Volume number italicized, first page-last page.

Online/Electronic Articles:

The format is the same as shown above except for the addition of the DOI after the page numbers. If the article is not assigned a DOI, include the journal homepage web address (URL) preceded by "Retrieved from." If this information is not available, include the holding database home or entry page web address (URL) preceded by "Retrieved from."

Video/Audio:

Author, F.I. (Year of Publication, Month and date of publication). Title: Lowercase

after the first word except for proper nouns and adjectives and subheadings

[Type of media].

Note: If video/audio is retrieved online, include the web address (URL) preceded by "Retrieved from."

Film/Movie:

Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of Publication). Title of

motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio or distributor.

Note: If the movie or video is not available in wide distribution, add the following to your citation after the country of origin: (Available from Distributor name, full address and zip code) 

Web Site/Page:

Author, F.I. (Year of Publication). Title: Lowercase after the first word except for

proper nouns and adjectives and subheadings. Retrieved Month Day, Year,

from URL of website.

Interview/Email/Other Personal Communication (In-text only):

(F.I. Author, personal communication, date)

Note: Personal communications are not included in your reference list; instead, include a parenthetical in-text citation only.

APA Citation Examples

Book:

Shotten, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency.

London, England: Taylor & Francis.

Book chapter:

Haybron, D.M. (2008). Philosophy and the science of subjective well-being.  In M.

Eid & R.J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being (pp. 17-43). 

New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Reference book:

VandenBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology.  Washington, DC:

American Psychological Association.

E-book, electronic version of print book:

Shotten, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency.

[Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722

Journal article with DOI:

Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the

survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229.

doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Journal article without DOI (when DOI is not available):

Sillick, T.J., & Schutte, N.S. (2006).  Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate

between perceived early parental love and adult happiness.  E-journal of

Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48.  Retrieved from

http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap

Entry in an online reference work:

Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E.N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of

philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved from

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/

Entry in an online reference work, no author or editor:

Heuristic. (n.d.) In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from

http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/heuristic

Web page:

Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., &

Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

Web page, no date:

PETA. (n.d.) Animal cruelty statistics. Retrieved February 7, 2007, from

http://www.peta.org/media/factsheet/animalcruelty.htm

Note: If the website has several pages, list the url of the first page

Film/Movie:

Bender, L. (Producer), & Tarantino, Q. (Director). (1994). Pulp fiction [Motion

picture]. United States: Miramax.

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